Coming from a medicinal deciduous tree of the Combretacea family, Baheda goes by the botanical name Terminalia bellerica and is indigenous to tropical Asia including India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In India, it is mostly found in the plain dry forests of Assam, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Gujarat, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh. The plant is usually found flourishing in scattered forests, upper layer trees of stream valleys, lower seasonal rain forests, sunny mountain slopes, monsoon forests, and mixed deciduous forests, and thrives best on fertile, loamy soils with good drainage. Famed as one of the trio of rejuvenating dry fruits that constitute the miraculous Triphala formulation, Baheda, or Bibhitaki is a classical ayurvedic ingredient that is extremely beneficial in relieving respiratory anomalies while balancing all the three doshas (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and nourishing the dhatus within the body.
Bibhitaki is said to help to maintain normal body temperature. It also helps to improve our defence system against pollution, smoke etc and helps to control throat irritation. Baheda is also thought to help to eliminate waste matter (such as urine, sweat, carbon dioxide or faeces) from body through kidney, lungs, skin and may act as a support for eyes. It aids in maintaining the cholesterol level & blood pressure that are already within the normal limits. Bibhitaki is also thought to help against the premature graying of hair and helps to extract extra mucus from the chest, so in turn aids comfortable breathing. It is also believed to act as mild laxative and help in destroying the worms of stomach.