Majuphal is formed on the leaves of the Oaktree and is known as oak galls. There are generally two types of Majuphala white gall Majuphala and green gall Majuphala. Majuphal is also known as Katalu Mayu, Quercus Infectoria, Machikai, Mayaphal, Machi kay, Majjaphala, Mayuka, Chidraphala, Mayuka, Malayu among other names. It grows up to 6 feet at a medium rate. It is mainly found in low lands, and mountain valleys. It requires moist soil. The tree bears monoecious flowers (either male or female flowers on same tree).
Majuphal is useful in wound healing due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the risk of skin infection due to its antibacterial property. It also has an astringent property that constricts the skin cells or tissues and helps in skin tightening. As per Ayurveda, gargling with Majuphal decoction reduces inflammation of the throat and manage tonsilitis. It also helps prevent bleeding in gums and gives a cooling and soothing effect due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties.