Punarnava, a potent ayurvedic has immense health benefits and has been in use since ancient times in treating a host of health anomalies. Commonly known as Hogweed, Sterling, Tarvine in English, Mukarati Kirei in Tamil, Raktakunda, and Shothaghni in Sanskrit, it goes by the botanical name Boerhavia diffusa. Punarnava which literally translates into ‘something that renews or replenishes the body’ i.e. a reviver, is an herb belonging to the Nyctaginaceae family that are characterized by their unique type of fruit called anthocarp. Quite like its name, Punarnava is a traditional ayurvedic plant that is used to rejuvenate the whole body.
The plant as a whole is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, fever, edema, eye problems, stomach issues, and liver disorders. Punarnava is a treasure trove of nutrients like proteins, vitamin C, sodium, calcium, iron and bioactive components like punarnavoside, serratagenic acid, hypoxanthine 9-L-arabinofuranoside, boeravinone A to F, liriodendron, ursolic acid, and oleanolic acid. Imbued with the therapeutic components, Punarnava holds high significance in promoting the digestive system, managing heart problems, improving eyesight and helping against diseases like diabetes, urinary tract infection, arthritis, impotence, gout, and anemia.