Tagar is a hairy perennial herb with a long history of traditional medicines uses. It has an important place in most of the Ayurvedic scriptures. The botanical name of Tagar is Valeriana wallichii, which belongs to Valerianeaceae family. Traditionally, it is known with various names like Nat (bended), Vakr (irregular shape), Kutil, Nahush, Tagarmula, Sugandhbala, Mushakbala, Asarun and in English, it is commonly known as Indian valerian.The Tagar is leafy, slightly hairy perennial herb, which attains height upto 40-45cm and grows in temperate zones of Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan. The leaves are sometimes pinnate and are 2.5-7 cm long. The flowers are unisexual and white or slightly pinkish in color. There are two classical varieties of Tagara mentioned in Nighantus Tagara and Pinda Tagara.
Tagar roots helps in reducing anxiety and improving sleep as it relaxes the central nervous system due to its sedative and anxiolytic properties. It is beneficial in managing blood pressure by relaxing the smooth muscles and increasing the blood flow due to its blood pressure lowering activity. Tagar also helps manage muscle pain as it possesses antispasmodic and analgesic properties. In Ayurveda, taking Tagar along with milk helps to induce sound sleep due to its Vata balancing properties. Externally, Tagar helps in managing skin diseases as it inhibits the growth of skin pathogens due to its antibacterial and antimicrobial properties.